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WordPress Migration made easy in 10 Simple Steps

This article uses two domains rohandroid.com ( old website domain ) and rohutech.com ( new website domain ). Using these two domains as an example will help you understand WordPress Migration process very effortlessly in 10 Simple steps.

Remember to replace rohandroid.com with your old site domain name and rohutech.com with your new site domain name.

Note: The server which I am using is having CentOS installed.

10 Simple Steps for WordPress Migration to a New Domain :

1. Create rohutech folder

sudo mkdir rohutech

2. Add index.php in the folder

Create an index.php file in the folder with some simple content like “Hello, this is rohutech”

sudo vim index.php

Some Important Links –

3. Add Virtual Host entry

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName rohutech.com
    Serveralias www.rohutech.com
    DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/rohutech"
    Redirect permanent / https://rohutech.com
</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:443>
    ServerName rohutech.com
    Serveralias www.rohutech.com
    DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/rohutech"
    SetEnv APPLICATION_ENV "production"
    SSLEngine on
    SSLCertificateFile "/etc/pki/tls/certs/www_rohutech_com/www_rohutech_com.crt"
    SSLCertificateKeyFile "/etc/ssl/private/www_rohutech_com.key"
    SSLCertificateChainFile "/etc/pki/tls/certs/www_rohutech_com/www_rohutech_com.ca-bundle"
    <Directory "/var/www/html/rohutech">
        DirectoryIndex index.php
        AllowOverride All
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

Just wanted to point out that the above virtual host entry is as per apache 2.2. If you are using apache version 2.4 which is the latest version as of Oct 2019, refer this link

http://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/upgrading.html

4. Restart Apache

sudo systemctl status httpd.  
Now visit https://rohutech.com
You much see "Hello, this is rohutech" (as we added index.php in 2nd step) on the web Page.

5. Copy content from the old website to the new website.

 sudo cp -av rohandroid/. rohutech/

6. Take MySQL Dump.

mysqldump -u demouser -p demodbname > /tmp/rohandroid-live-24042019.sql

7. Create Database.

Login
     mysql -u root -p
 create database
     CREATE USER 'myuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'mypassword';
     CREATE DATABASE mydbname;
     GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON mydbname.* TO "myuser"@"localhost";
     FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
     exit

8. Import Database

mysql -u myuser -p mydbname < /tmp/rohandroid-live-24042019.sql
when prompted for password enter password
mypassword

9. Restart Apache Server

sudo systemctl status httpd

10. Search & Replace URLs

This step can be done in two different ways

  1. Search replace script

Copy Paste “Search replace script” at the root folder of the new website. Using this script you can just replace all the old website URLs with new website URLs

Migrate Your WordPress Site to a New Domain

2. WP – CLI

wp search-replace 'https://rohandroid.com' 'https://rohutech.com' --dry-run --precise

wp search-replace 'https://rohandroid.com' 'https://rohutech.com' --dry-run --precise nahro_posts --report-changed-only

Very Important commands to consider for file and folder permission, Just run below commands inside your Website folder.

sudo find . -exec chown ec2-user:apache {} +
sudo find . -type f -exec chmod 664 {} +
sudo find . -type d -exec chmod 775 {} +
sudo chmod 660 wp-config.php

Don’t forget to subscribe to my Youtube Channel – RohuTech

How to Migrate Your WordPress website to a New Domain

Thank you so much for reading, hope you guys liked the article and the video tutorial. Would love to know your feedback in the comments.

If this article helped you in some way kindly comment down below, I will be very much happy to know that my articles are actually helping people.

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About the author

Rohan Kamble

A Web Developer by profession, who loves the web to the core with over 9 Years of Experience working on a wide range of domains like websites on e-commerce, Travel, Alumni, matrimonial, company's professional sites, Finance, company internal communications and many more. Also WordPress Plugins & Chrome extensions.

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